Few countries in the world compare to Peru's stunning beauty. With its incredible archeological sites of pre-Colombian civilization, breathtaking mountain ranges, amazing diversity of plant and animal species, beautiful cathedrals, monasteries and unique Andean culture, this South American destination offers travelers all styles and interests to the journey of a lifetime.
Peru recognizes that tourism plays an important part in its developing economy and has taken great steps in the last few years to change its poor security record. You'll find a lot more police, especially plain clothed officers, in the towns and cities most frequently visited by tourists.
By the way, if you choose to see the Nazca Lines from the air, ask a few questions to help you avoid the cowboy operators.
We asked our friends in the travel biz what safety precautions they would tell travellers. If you've got some great tips of your own please add them to the comments!
Know your Spanish and surroundings, wear modest attire, limit the jewelry and keep money hidden and safe.
Twitter friend @cotisgal
Travel with reputable service providers. On every trip to Peru I hear stories from individuals trusting someone representing themselves to be a local guide or porter, only to discover the guide and their personal belongings gone when the traveler arrives at their destination. All guides must be licensed in Peru. Guides operating inside protected areas, such as Machu Picchu Sanctuary, must also have a special permit from SERNANP (National Service for Protected Area Management). Also, there are many levels of service on the trains; some just for locals, some just for Peruvians, and others for tourists. Most local trains will not let foreigners ride, so don't assume you can catch any train of your choice--even if you offer to pay full tourist price you often will be denied a ticket, possibly leaving you stranded.
Rich Tobin, Conservation VIP
WorldNomads: We'd advise you to pay special attention to your safety while trekking the Inca Trail to Machu Pichu.
I have lived and worked intermittently for twenty-seven years in the Cusco region and Peru in general, and I would say that I feel safer now than ever. Terrorist activity is practically non-existent. And in regards to thievery, I think the Peruvian people have worked hard to raise the consciousness that foreign visitors need to have a positive experience in Peru, so that tourism will stay strong and people will want to return. It used to be fairly common that a foreign traveler was pick-pocketed in the market, or had his/her backpack slashed and items removed. Petty theivery is much less than it used to be, and public tourist places seem to go out of their way to make a situation safe and comfortable for visitors. Having said that, there are still common rules that one must be aware of: in particularly crowded local areas (like the market, or bus stations) only carry the money you need at the time, and be "mindful" of your camera. It is easy to tell which taxis are legitimate and which ones are not. If a tourist is aware and does not take risks then he/she should be fine.
Holly Wissler, Wilderness Travel
Plain-clothed "policemen": Travelers may encounter a plain-clothed Peruvian claiming to be a policeman. While most such individuals are real policemen, some have turned out to be thieves using this ruse to catch travelers off guard and steal from them. When encountering a Peruvian claiming to be a plain-clothed policemen, do not give him any valuable papers, and insist on going straight to the local police station by foot.
WorldNomads: Crime is not the problem it once was, but don't let your guard down. Find out what you're likely to encounter and where the problems are worst here.
If, at the end of the day, you are unfortunate enough to be robbed ... just accept it as a travel experience. Make sure that you have good insurance and that you've read the small print before arriving in Peru so you know what is required to make a successful claim. Excluding precious photos, most things can be replaced in Peru. Finally don't let it spoil your holiday and don't suddenly believe that every Peruvian is a thief. The overwhelming majority are kind, honest, hardworking people who detest the thieves probably more than you do – when they get robbed they usually don't have insurance!
Learn Some Local Lingo!
Of course, whenever you're travelling to a foreign country its always helpful to know a bit o f the local language, Learn Spanish with WorldNomads Spanish Language Guide.