Picture the scene: the sun dips below the horizon in a remote tropical idyll as you drink in the beauty of a picture-postcard sunset. Enter stage right: a tangled mass of plastic debris floating onto the shore, a few dead fish tangled up amongst it. Not quite what you had in mind, is it?
While there's been a lot written about the need to reduce our use of plastic at home, it's also important to think about how we use plastic when we travel. The unfortunate butterfly effect of pollution means that a plastic bottle discarded in San Diego can eventually find its way to that tropical beach you were relaxing on.
Luckily, there are plenty of ways travelers can help fight against the scourge of single-use plastic, and keep all those bucket-list destinations pristine.
As of 2019, there is an estimated 12.7 million tonnes of plastic floating in the world's oceans. According to Greenpeace, that’s the equivalent of one truckload of rubbish being emptied into the ocean every minute. The most infamous area is the ‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch’ which is exactly what is sounds like: a massive, floating accumulation of trash, the largest on the planet. Between California and Hawaii, it covers more than 617,000 sq miles (1.6 million sq km), although its density varies. And it’s not the only one. There are similar – albeit smaller – so-called garbage patches in every ocean on the planet.
The effects are long-term and, predictably, devastating. Sealife is harmed in a variety of ways: through entanglement, ingestion and starvation. The chemical build-up of the debris also harms the underwater habitat, and ultimately it damages communities that live by the sea, harming the fishing, shipping and tourism industries.
It also directly hurts birdlife. According to the photographer and environmentalist, Chris Jordan, nearly all of the 1.5 million Laysan albatrosses that inhabit the Midway Atoll, in the north Pacific, have plastic in their gastrointestinal tract. About one third of their chicks die, many due to their parents unwittingly feeding them plastic. The figures are staggering. The Sea Turtle Conservancy, the oldest sea turtle conservation group in the world, estimates more than a million marine animals are killed each year due to plastic in the ocean.
The non-profit 4Ocean, set up by two surfers in 2017, reports that “up to 90 percent of ocean plastic comes from a land-based source and enters the ocean through a river mouth.” Since 4Ocean launched, it has removed more than 4.5 million lbs (2 million kg) of trash from coastlines around 27 countries. It funds the clean-ups through the sale of a range of products and each item sold funds the removal of 1lb (0.45kg) of trash.
4Ocean says that “Man-made causes (such as improper disposal or littering) and natural causes (such as storms, rain, and wind) contribute to ocean plastic pollution.” The key to solving the crisis? “To continue educating the public about the root causes and impact of plastic in the ocean.”
In countries where the local water isn't safe to drink, the default solution is to buy bottled water. However, more than 20,000 plastic bottles of water are bought every second worldwide. While travelers make up a small fraction of that total, buying a reusable water bottle with a filter means you can use it before, during and after your trip. The LifeStraw bottle claims to remove 99.99% of bacteria and is no bigger than a regular water bottle.
Airlines love plastic. Everything from the rock-hard bread rolls to the stew-like substances they serve up is wrapped in the stuff. While bringing your own food in a reusable lunchbox helps, it’s more effective to contact the airlines directly (or via social media) and ask them about what they are doing to reduce their plastic usage. Some airlines are taking this seriously, and all airlines care what their customers think about them. They won’t make this a priority unless you do.
Hotels love their tiny bottles of shampoo and shower gel. And, to be honest, so did I, until I started thinking about the effect all that plastic was having on the world’s sea life. Bring your own reusable travel-sized toiletries; use a combined shampoo and conditioner, and use soap instead of shower gel. Talk to the hotel manager about their plastic use policy; don’t hector them, but suggest alternatives – much of this is about awareness. When leaving reviews on the likes of TripAdvisor, mention their plastic usage – for example, do they have cotton buds individually wrapped in plastic? Call them out on this in your reviews – they care what’s said about them online, so you can use this to your advantage.
Yep, bamboo toothbrushes are a thing, and yes, they look pretty cool. Since launching on Earth Day 2013, Woo has sold more than two million bamboo toothbrushes, made from natural, biodegradable bamboo. The environment and your inner panda will thank you.
While many travelers make an effort to leave places of natural beauty the way they found them, some don't. Win some karma points by picking up trash wherever you find it, in deserts, forests, and mountains. Return it to civilization (and the nearest recycling bin), and you will have made the natural environment more beautiful, and safer for the wildlife that lives there.
If it is of a higher quality, it will last longer which means fewer will be discarded, which means - you guessed it - less trash. A high-quality backpack or pair of hiking boots can last a decade or more, which is better for your pocket in the long-run, and much better for the environment.
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