There are a number of risks to your health in Mozambique, and it's important you're aware the risk is significant, and the possible diseases are more serious than the common cold or flu.
Be vigilant when traveling to Mozambique and you should be able to avoid any time spent in a hospital. Most diseases can be prevented by using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved clothing, and using mosquito nets at night. Speak to your doctor before you go, but in Mozambique in particular, anti-malarial medication is a must.
Unfortunately, Mozambique is still burdened by measles, a disease virtually eradicated in developed countries thanks to early vaccination. In June 2011, the CDC inacted a measles alert for Mozambique.
This highly contagious disease spreads by contact with infected people. Travelers who aren't vaccinated are at risk of getting it and passing it to friends once they come home. It's important that all of your vaccines are up to date.
A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required to be shown upon entry to Mozambique if you are traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.
Cholera is common, especially during the rainy season, and in March 2019 after Cyclone Idai there was an outbreak of cholera, when more than 250 people reported having the diarrheal disease.
It's safest to drink boiled or purified water, and always ask for no ice in your drinks. Keep your mouth closed while showering, and avoid swallowing the water while brushing your teeth. Get medical attention as soon as you feel any symptoms, diarrhea being the main one.
Malaria and dengue fever are problems in all regions of the country, but the risks spike in the rainy season from November to May.
There is also the low – but rising – threat of African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), which is transmitted by the tsetse fly. It makes the victims feel uncontrollable drowsiness, but also insomnia at night along with fever, headache, and mood swings. Try to avoid being bitten by any bugs at all times – keep your arms and legs covered, and sleep with a mosquito net.
Cyclones occasionaly hit the coastal areas during the rainy season. They bring with them torrential rain, strong winds and can destroy homes, schools, hospitals, flood cities, and leave thousands homeless. If a cyclone warning is issued while you're in Mozambique, seek sturdy shelter and follow alerts from your embassy.
Stay up to date with local news on the weather and political situation while you are traveling here.
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