All foreigners whether transiting or entering the country require a visa. If you attempt to transit Belarus without a visa, the border authorities will send you to Minsk get one. You may also be required to pay a fine of up to $300 or you could face deportation. Foreigners attempting to transit Belarus without a valid transit visa have been denied entry into the country and forcibly removed from trains. In some instances, local border and railway authorities have threatened passengers who did not possess a valid transit visa with jail or extorted fines.
Do not pay any border or railway officials for transit visas or transit visa fines, as they are not authorized to issue such visas. If you do find yourself in Belarus without a transit visa and you are confronted by border or train personnel, you should request to be put in contact with your consular officials in Minsk.
Potholes, poor or non-existent street lighting and an almost complete disregard of traffic rules are just some of the hazards facing you in the city. In the countryside the risks to your safety are heightened by the prevalence of pony and trap combinations.
That's right, in rural areas where street lighting is not common, be aware that pony and trap combinations are regularly used on the back-roads and if you are driving you may not see or hear them coming.
If you are brave enough to drive there are a few things to be aware of. First, driving in Belarus is erratic at best and basic road rules seem optional rather than mandatory. Throughout Belarus A class Highways are in fair condition but the condition of B Class Highways varies considerably and may be impassable in the winter. It's best to check with locals on the state of back roads.
Drink driving is not tolerated; authorities operate a nil-tolerance policy.
There are police checkpoints throughout the country, stop where instructed and ensure that you have all documentation required, here's what you need in original form:
Drivers of foreign vehicles must pay a fee to use Belarus Highways and payments are collected at Border checkpoints and vary according to the length of the stay.
Finally, don't violate the temporary import terms of your car, doing so may result in confiscation of the car at border or police checkpoints.
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