Medical care in Romania is generally of a low standard. Better quality medical providers are available in the capital, Bucharest and in the larger urban centers. But, in an emergency, identifying them and locating them is no mean feat.
Outside the major urban centers, basic medical supplies are often in short supply.
Most over-the-counter medications and prescription drugs are available in Romania, but may be sold under different brand names. Travelers requiring regular medication should come supplied or ensure that in your prescription, the physician lists the generic medication required, rather than simply prescribing a specific brand name.
For critical medical emergencies in Romania, helicopter services are available. But, outside the major urban centers, response times for emergency services vary.
Rabies is common in Romania, but not a major risk to travelers. Although rabies is largely confined to rural areas, to avoid contamination, it is safest to limit your contact with dogs whether you are in Romania's countryside or the cities.
Rabies is transmitted by the bite or scratch of an infected animal. The animal in question may be a dog or any of a number of other animals. In unvaccinated humans, rabies is almost always fatal. Given the high population of dogs and wild animals in Romania, a prophylactic anti-rabies vaccination is recommended for travelers, especially if they intend to spend time in villages, farms or wilderness areas. Check with your travel doctor prior to your trip to see if a vaccination is right for you.
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