Armenia is located in an active seismic zone, but the most recent serious earthquake occurred in 1988, near Spitak in the Lori region. The earthquake killed between 25,000 and 50,000 people, injuring thousands and leaving several cities in ruins. When earthquakes do occur here, they can cause major landslides and disruption to services.
There's not much you can do to avoid one, but if you are unlucky enough to experience an Armenian earthquake on your travels, listen to local authorities and media.
Traveling around Armenia can be an adventure in itself. The driving standards are pretty poor, and road rage and drink driving is common among local people. The roads are not in a great condition, and public transport is overcrowded, poorly maintained and mostly unreliable.
Try your best to avoid the old highway between the towns of Ijevan and Noyemberyan in the Tavush region, as well as the main highway between the towns of Kirants and Baghanis/Voskevan.
These roads are in close proximity to the cease-fire line between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces. Internal travel in Armenia requires meticulous planning and a great deal of attention. Also, be aware that the land borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey are closed, there are however direct flights between Yerevan and Istanbul.
If you find yourself sick or injured outside of the capital Yerevan the standard of medical facilities and care is pretty limited. In the event of a serious illness or accident, medical evacuation to a destination with the appropriate medical facilities would be necessary. Fortunately, the risks to your health in Armenia are fairly limited.
Malaria is a risk in western border areas of Armenia, so you should consider taking Malaria medication if you plan to travel to this area, otherwise the standard travel vaccinations are recommended:
If you heed the above warnings your Armenian, Caucasus Adventure should go smoothly!
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