Earthquakes and volcanic activity are the two major natural disasters that occur in Colombia, due to its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire.
Before traveling to areas with known volcanic activity, take note of any official warnings and advice from local authorities.
The volcanoes Chiles and Cerro Negro in the department of Nariño are also on high alert, as they have shown increased activity since the earthquake that hit the area in 2014.
During the rainy season, which usually runs from March to June and from September to November, and the hurricane season, which is June to November, flooding, landslides, and torrential rains can take place.
Since 2015, Colombia has suffered from both the El Niño and La Niña weather phenomenon, with many departments severely affected by the water shortage and extreme rainfall.
Always check the weather forecast before you go to stay informed of travel warnings to certain areas and stay up-to-date with periods of extreme weather conditions.
At higher altitudes, such as when traveling around Bogota, the weather can change dramatically, and temperatures are usually much cooler the higher the altitude. Make sure you pack a warm layer even if you are traveling to Colombia during warmer months.
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