Nasty diseases like malaria, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, tuberculosis, typhoid, and hepatitis all call Timor L'Este home.
As tourism descends upon East Timor, the lack of public transport becomes apparent. World Nomads gives you the lowdown on getting around this island nation.
While East Timor may be a tropical paradise and its tourism industry is in its infancy, it can present some safety challenges for adventurous tourists. Find out how to stay safe while travelling in one of the world's newest countries with this guide by World Nomads.