Bhutan is the only country in the world to measure the happiness of its citizens and uses the data as an indicator of the economy. Authorities measure the "Gross National Happiness" of the population using a sophisticated survey instrument.
It aims to show that quality of life cannot be measured by a country's gross domestic product, instead Bhutan prioritizes its Buddhist spiritual values rather than just its economy.
Given this emphasis on people rather than profit, it won't surprise you to learn the crime rate in Bhutan is extremely low.
It's extremely unlikely you will encounter any crime while you are traveling in Bhutan. Incidents of petty crime are rarely reported and violent crime is very uncommon. On average, 21 homicides are reported across the country annually.
While there are some cases of drug crime reported, incidences of drug trafficking is low. Until television was introduced in 1999, marijuana plants were considered a weed that was simply fed to pigs to fatten them up! Cannabis consumption and trafficking is illegal in Bhutan and penalties range from fines up to hefty prison sentences. So despite the abundance of marijuana, don't be tempted to have that cheeky smoke.
The chances of a visitor being caught up in terrorism activities in Bhutan are very low, with events occurring in the border regions between Bhutan and India and Bhutan and China.
The most serious threat to Bhutan's security is terrorism carried out by different dissident groups from India illegally camped in the nation. There have been kidnappings from communities near the border region. Most tour companies don't go to remote areas within Bhutan where insurgent activity has occured and it's advised for safety reasons to avoid those areas.
Same sex relationships were decriminalized in Bhutan in June 2019 after a long legal battle by the local LGBTQ community. There is no noticeable gay scene in Bhutan however there are several tour operators who can assist LGBTQ travelers with their holiday arrangements.
Locals are generally accepting of the LGBTQ community in Bhutan even in rural areas, however if you are unsure, play it safe and remain discreet.
Bhutan is probably one of the safest places to travel for women travelers. There's not a great deal to worry about so take the usual precautions you would as if you were heading out at night back in your home country.
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