Road Safety and Public Transport Tips in Nepal

Heading to Nepal? Getting around from A to B could be trickier than you think. Our local insider, Maria, helps you decide which public transport is right for you, and how to stay safe if you decide to brave the roads yourself.


About 60% of the Nepali roads are hard-surface roads, and most of them connect the cities in the Kathmandu Valley.

The motorways in the other regions, on the other hand, are usually covered with gravel and are especially poorly-maintained in the highlands.

To drive here, you’d have to be a real master of the roads.

Taking into account the difficulty of the roads and frequent landslides, accidents do happen on these dangerous roads. But thankfully, not as often as you might think.

Most of the local Nepali drivers who operate buses along these roads are experts, so it’s usually is safe to explore Nepal on public transport.

Driving in Nepal

If you plan on driving in Nepal, avoid doing this during the monsoon season.

Monsoon rains cause landslides and make driving and using the roads risky and dangerous.

In some regions, the roads might be blocked or washed away, and they won’t be repaired until the dry season.

Be aware too that the local driving style in Nepal is adrenaline-pumping to anyone but the locals. Road rules exist, but nobody really obeys them.

Local drivers also use the horn as signal of right-of-way; Those who signalled first, drive first.

Although it may seem chaotic, this style of driving doesn’t cause conflict or frequent accidents on the roads. Generally, the people remain calm and compassionate – thanks to the Buddhist and Hindu philosophy.

Public Transport in Nepal

Public transport is very common and reliable in Nepal. There are four main types of transport that are useful for travelers:

1. Local Buses 

These cheap and crowded buses connect major destinations and are used by both locals and tourists. 

If you decide to take a local bus, don't be surprised if you find a goat on your lap. The roof of these buses are always packed with people and luggage, and your backpack will be put among boxes, sacks, and even domestic animals.

It takes many hours for these buses to reach the destination, as they stop wherever people ask them to stop and add more passengers and luggage on the way.

Long distance buses follow a predefined schedule, and usually start early in the morning in order to cover the distance before it gets dark. It’s best to get your tickets one or two days before your journey. These are sold at the bus stations.

To get a flavour for the speed of Nepali local buses, consider this fact: it takes up to 7 hours for a local bus to cover the distance from Kathmandu to Pokhara, which is just about 200 km. However, these buses usually make a lunch stop!

2. Mini-Vans or Micro-Buses

Mini-van or Micro-bus tickets are usually 50-60% more expensive. They travel a bit faster than the local buses, and are more comfortable. Kathmandu to Pokhara can be covered within 5-6 hours.

If you prefer comfort, go to any tourist agency in Kathmandu or Pokhara and purchase a tourist bus ticket for USD $10-20. No goats, no crowd, a reserved seat, sometimes air-conditioning, and English-speaking passengers around.

These buses operate for all major tourist routes between Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan National Park, and Lumbini.

3. Public Jeeps

Public jeeps are also common means of transportation, and are used in the mountain regions of Nepal.

The length of the drive can be as long as 17 hours, like the trip from Kathmandu to Sallery, (a village near Lukla) where you can start your trek through Sagarmatha National Park.

You might not believe it, but these jeeps can be almost as crowded as the local buses. Try not to take one of the two seats in the first row – you might find yourself squished up with three or four other people.

4. Taxi

Taxis, private vans, and private jeeps can take you anywhere in Nepal, and prices are always negotiable. For example, the cost of a trip from Kathmandu airport to Thamel might cost you 400 – 1,500 rupees.

If you’d like to hire a private jeep to get to the starting point of your trek, you can easily arrange this service form your hotel or at any tourist agency. 

Price Expectations:

  • The cost of a private minivan from Pokhara to Nayapul in the Annapurna region can be from 4,000 – 10,000 rupees.
  • Hiring a jeep from Kathmandu to a starting point of Manaslu circuit trek might cost 16,000 – 20,000 rupees.

Keep calm, watch carefully, master your skills and intuition, and you’ll be safe on Nepali roads!

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