5 Things You Should Know Before You Travel to Mongolia

From etiquette tips to the Naadam festival, our travel expert tells us what Mongolia is like and shares what to know before visiting.


Wrestlers at the Naadam Festival, Outer Mongolia. Photo © Discover Mongolia Travel

Mongolia is a country with a fascinating history and culture that is well and truly alive today. Even if you stick to the capital city, Ulaanbaatar, you will see portable gers (round felt tents used by Mongolian nomads) set up in the backyards of neat brick houses, where young newlyweds live until they are ready to find their own house.

Four-wheel drive tours take you out to explore the endless steppe where large herds of animals graze, or through the arid scrub of the Gobi Desert, where dinosaur fossils have been found.

Wherever you choose to travel in Mongolia, here are five things to know before you go.

1. The Naadam Festival is not what you might expect

Many people come to Mongolia to see the annual Naadam Festival, a mix of pageantry, competition, and national celebration like no other. The opening celebration has a parade that is reminiscent of a half-time show at an American football game, but from there on, Naadam is a world away from American festivals.

The competitions, called the "three games of man", feature archery, horse racing and wrestling – but they are carried out in a strictly Mongolian fashion. Male and female archers shoot arrows from tall bows (which haven't changed much since Genghis Khan's warriors used them to conquer the known world). School-age jockeys urge their horses along an overland route that can be 17mi (27km) long. And powerful wrestlers in skimpy costumes flap their arms gravely in the ritual Eagle Dance before grappling with each other.

Photo credit: Getty Images

2. Four-wheel driving might make you motion sick

Much of the terrain in Mongolia is really rocky – so rocky you might even feel sick while driving through it. One of the things I wish I'd packed was medication for motion sickness. There are very few paved roads in Mongolia, and while driving off-road is fun and exciting, it's an awful experience if you get motion sickness.

Just pop a motion sickness tablet an hour or so before the 4x4 driving begins – whether it's a Gobi excursion or a drive to the ruins of Genghis Khan‘s capital, Karakorum – and you'll be able to fully appreciate the Mongolian landscapes without looking at the bottom of a bucket.

3. Preparing for the Mongolian steppe

The Mongolian steppe has few trees – same with the Gobi Desert. There is no shade out there, and nothing to slow down the ever-present wind. Pack a scarf or bandanna, a windbreaker, a hat that covers your neck, sunscreen, and lip balm. These items take up very little space, and are worth their weight in gold when the Mongolian winds are howling.

Photo credit: Getty Images

4. Mongolians love horses

If you have a good local guide, you will most likely stop to visit nomadic herders on your travels across Mongolia. All herders have tough Mongolian horses, and for a small tip travelers can usually ask politely to take a horse ride. The herders' children are usually happy to lead you around. As my co-worker discovered, it's a good idea to learn how to say "stop" (zogs) – not to the horse, but to the kid who is leading you.

Tchoo means giddyup, and apparently the horse next to you will giddyup too on command.

5. Important ger etiquette you should know

As you approach a ger settlement, remember that the proper way to greet the locals is to yell, Nokhoigoo!, which means "Call off your dog!"

Inside a nomadic ger home, do not lean against the ger wall or furniture, and don't remain standing over the threshold.

Sitting with your feet out in front of you is considered impolite; tuck them in when seated on a stool, or kneel.

If you are offered food, it's polite to accept, even if you don‘t finish it. Take food offered with your right hand.

Tand bayarlaa means "thank you," but you don‘t need to say it often – nomadic people far from the city take it for granted that they will be offered hospitality in a stranger's ger, and they offer it to you as a matter of course.

BONUS: The many milk products of Mongolia

Herders out on the steppe mostly eat meat (usually mutton and goat) and milk products. Mongolians have found creative ways to use the milk of all of their domestic animals such as yak, camel, horse, cow, goat, and sheep.

You may be offered salted tea with horse or camel milk, sour coin-shaped milk curds you might see drying on top of the ger (aaruul), fermented horse milk (airag), and sweet or sour yogurt.

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  • Mongolian said

    Milk tea never make with camel or horse milk. Just three other animal's milk is used with it.
    Mares' tea is used to make Mongolian 'airag'

  • Stephen Bates said

    Cant wait till 2020 when I plan to go to Mongolia reallylooking forward to it>

  • Rima said

    Good article, but I'm seriously wondering if you've actually been to the Naadam festival. How could you not remember the Mongolian wrestlers' costume??

  • Stephen Bates Jr said

    I wonder what Stephen Bates is doing on his trip to Mongolia in 2020.

  • Cary Prescott said

    If this covid crap ever disappears i may plan a trip to Mongolia. A little business and fun. Looks like a beautiful place and you hear more good than bad there

  • Stephen Bates III said

    Hope Stephen Bates got their trip worked out. Wantin' to hear how it went with the craziness of the world.

  • Gail Smith Wright said

    I was in Mongolia maybe 22 years ago, and I loved the experience. And quite an experience it was! We went to a traditional "Hor hog" but I know that is not how it is spelled. This was an experience never to be forgotten! We slept in gers and went to the bathroom a number of long feet away in a hole in the ground. A friend with whom I was traveling had Mongolian's revenge, and I had to take care of her. In the middle of the night, she had to go to the "toilette" but couldn't make it----------so she created a new one now far from the ger. Mongolians on horses, and a step-groundson of mine rode horses, even around the gers at night. Also, Mongolians on motorcycles rode around the ger community at night, around and around the gers where people were sleeping. My friend and I decided that if the horses could do their thing near the ger, she with her Mongonian's revenge could do so also.

  • Geoffrey Schlink said


    I'll right away snatch your rss as I can't to find your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you've any? Kindly allow me know in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

    Best Regards

  • Ellen Hall said

    Hi Geoffrey,
    Our email signup form is to the right of the article on a desktop page, or at the bottom of the article on a mobile page (below the comments).


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