Portugal has some of the most breathtaking beaches in the world. With more than 1,056 miles (1,700km) of coastline, it's a beach lover's dream. Visitors can sunbathe on white sand beaches, surf the beautiful waters and explore the many coastal towns – relaxation and adventure all at once.
However, if you're planning a trip to Portugal to enjoy the coast, you should be aware of the possible dangers and know what to avoid in order to ensure that your visit is a safe one.
Given Portugal's vast expanse of coastline, the risk of drowning is a possibility, and each year there are deaths in the beautiful waters of Portugal.
One of the biggest causes of beach drowning is a rip, a dangerous current that cycles water back into the ocean and often pulls unsuspecting swimmers along with it. Rips are particularly dangerous because they can't be seen and are extremely strong.
Beware of uncrowded areas and those that are designated as surf zones, as they more likely to conceal hazardous currents.
Parents should be especially cautious when allowing their children to swim. In 2007, four tourists drowned off the Algarve coast while trying to save three children from strong currents.
If you find yourself caught in a rip, don't panic. Frantically battling the current will quickly exhaust you, prevent you from thinking clearly and subsequently increase the risk of drowning. Draw attention to yourself by waving and calling for help.
Your best bet is to stay calm, float and go with the flow until the rip's pull weakens, and then try to slowly swim parallel to the shore away from the rip, aiming for the breaking waves.
For many, there is nothing more tempting than diving into the blue, inviting sea. However, diving into unknown waters may result in more than an exciting adventure - it could cause catastrophic injury or even death.
Some areas hide dangerously shallow water and rocks. If you are going to dive, be sure it's in an area that you know is deep enough.
Avoid swimming in areas where there are no lifeguards. You should also exercise caution when swimming at beaches that connect to rivers as the streams and currents can be more hazardous.
On the beaches where there are lifeguards, there are
Keep in mind that if you ignore any of the warning flags there are consequences (besides the obvious safety ones) – the Maritime Police frequently issue fines to those not adhering to a lifeguard's warnings.
It's also important to note that after September, the swimming season in Portugal is considered closed, so although the weather may still be mild and beaches inviting, there are no lifeguards on duty and no safety flags will be displayed, regardless of conditions.
Check with the locals about when and where is safe to swim or surf, and be extra vigilant when in the water.
The water on Portugal's west coast tends to be more hazardous due to the powerful Atlantic Ocean. Surfers and wind-surfers like this coast for its conditions and near-perfect waves, but obviously the wilder water
Pools also pose a threat to visitors, particularly for those traveling with children.
There are currently no regulations in place in Portugal for private swimming pools to have safety measures including fences, covers or alarms (including hotel pools). Just because a pool may appear safer and more serene than the ocean, it's still important to exercise proper water safety measures.
Never swim while or after drinking alcohol and, if you are traveling with children, always keep an eye on them.
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