With such diverse geography and climate, it's not a stretch of the imagination to climb up snowy mountains and erupting volcanoes one day, then abseil down beautiful beach cliffs the next.
There is a lot to do, so lets take a look at some of the most thrilling adventure activities. What gets your adrenaline pumping? What are the riskier adventures? And what should be left only to those who have completely lost their minds?
We'll start with an activity for those who like a fitness challenge – trekking up one of Ecuador's 45 volcanoes.
Not all of Ecuador's volcanoes are currently active or dangerous.
Despite the warnings, and you know, the huge plumes of molten lava erupting from them, hundreds of travellers still take to mother nature's monumental earth bazookas to literally play with fire.
Having said that, most of Ecuador's volcanoes haven't erupted for some time and are relatively safe for a fun climb – but there are still risks.
If you are planning a climb there is only one real thing you should consider aside from obvious safety precautions – if the difficulty of the hike requires you to need ropes, your insurance won't cover you if you take a fall.
Cotopaxi is one of the popular volcanoes in Ecuador. It erupted in August 2015 and was recently reopened October 2017. You can now hike up to the shelter and to the summit with a guide.
The most important thing is that you need a guide to hike any summit basically and it is recommended to acclimatise and exercise beforehand. Most climbers don’t make it to the summit because of altitude sickness. Altitude sickness pills are easy to get at the pharmacies.
The upper Amazon basin is situated to the east of the Andes in Ecuador and it's a relatively travel friendly area.
There is a huge display of flora and fauna. In amongst Ecuador's thousands of orchid species and medicinal plants, you'll find butterflies, monkeys, sloths, macaws, river dolphins and bats.
Aside from feeling like you have stepped into a David Attenborough nature documentary, there are a stack of things for you to do – canoe journeys, forest walks, animal spotting, swimming and visits to local jungle communities.
In saying that, it's very important that you don’t try to visit uncontacted tribes or go without a tour or a guide. It is for your own safety; and to respect the tribes and biodiversity of the area.
Some hardcore adventure travellers will scoff at the idea but it really needs to be stressed – a good guide will enrich your experience and has the knowledge of the region to truly help you stay safe. A large part of Ecuadorian safety is to know the plants and animals!
It is also a good idea to bring a travel medical kit to the Amazon as medical services are limited in rural areas.
Read more about World Nomads Founder Simon Monk's experience in Ecuador with the Footprints Network here
The massive Andean ranges, coupled with the deep headwaters of the Amazon valley, gives white water rafting fans a smorgasbord of wicked streams to take on in Ecuador.
It's an exhilarating and tremendously fun sport to enjoy, but obviously, it's incredibly dangerous.
The majority of the rapids in Ecuador are graded around 4-5 – so if you do take the plunge you are in for a bumpy ride, and you should have some previous experience in a raft. (In fact, most operators won't take you in a grade 5 if it is your first time rafting.)
If you are an experienced rafter, you know the risks. And you should be aware that as white-water rafting is a very dangerous activity, any injury you sustain while doing it won't be covered by insurance.
For those familiar with bungee jumping, let us introduce to you its more dangerous cousin, Puenting.
It all starts with a bridge. You hang on to one side of it, and a rope is tied to another. You are tied to the rope. Then, you jump off the bridge, and swing underneath. Sounds simple enough right?
Watch this video from one of our World Nomads, Sobrea, and decide for yourself:
The reason why puenting is different to bungee jumping, is that it uses a rope – not the elastic material that is used in bungee swings. It's a pendulum jump, with the momentum driven by physics rather than the stretch of Bungee.
Its proponents rabidly defend its safety, saying that it is crazier to smoke a cigarette, drive a car or travel in a plane than it is to go puenting. But we are still putting it in the "are you nuts?" category.
And given that some companies charge as little as 5-6 bucks a jump, we really have to question their reputation as operators – they clearly aren't placing safety first.
If you end up with a puenting related injury e.g hitting one of the pylons, or damaging limbs - unfortunately you won't be covered by travel insurance.
One of the best ways to seek adventure in Ecuador is to ride across the beautiful Andes on a mountain bike. Tour companies in Ecuador provide a myriad of options for the biking enthusiast – from a leisurely downhill coast that can be enjoyed by a whole family, right through to the grueling labyrinth of hill-tracks left by the Incas.
But there are a few things to consider if you go for a biking trek:
You can buy at home or while traveling, and claim online from anywhere in the world. With 150+ adventure activities covered and 24/7 emergency assistance.
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One of the greatest natural wonders on the planet, the Galapagos is a must see for any traveller to Ecuador. Here's how to enjoy the natural beauty safely.