Stay Safe While Hiking Solo: 4 Important Safety Tips

Going hiking alone in the wilderness? Our travel safety expert shares his top tips for you to stay safe while hiking solo.

A group of hikers on a trail Photo © Getty Images/Hero Images

There is no better way to get back to nature and really discover your destination than by exploring the wilderness.

Some travelers think they can trek out into the scrub without adequate preparation, but this is always a huge mistake. Even the most hardened hikers adequately prepare before setting off for a hike, and you should too.

Here's what you need to know to stay safe while hiking solo.

Essential hiking gear you should pack

Before you set on your trek – whether it's a short day hike or multi day trek – it's important to set yourself up with the right hiking equipment.

It's generally agreed that there are ten essentials to pack before you go trekking:

  1. Map
  2. Compass
  3. Water
  4. Food (High-energy)
  5. Wet weather gear
  6. Fire starter
  7. First aid kit
  8. Knife (or leatherman/Swiss army knife)
  9. Flashlight
  10. Sunscreen/sunglasses

Once you have your essentials, there are a few extra bits and pieces that could help you along the way, depending on the length and level of danger of the trail you are walking or hiking.

  • A water treatment kit can help purify water if your supply runs out
  • Extra socks –you will be amazed how quickly you can tear through a pair trekking. Try buying wool socks
  • Mosquito/Insect repellent
  • High-grade tape in case your shoes fall apart (which can happen if you are traveling for long distances and aren't wearing rugged hiking boots)
  • Supportive braces for any weak knees or joints
  • For longer trips, the hire or purchase of a tracking transmitter like a PLB (Personal Locator Beacon) will help emergency services rescue you in the event that you become lost.

A good pack is vital for a safe trip – but it is also a question of equipment versus mobility. You want a pack what will suit your requirements, but also make sure you aren't too weighed down by your backpack so you are free to move and walk without hurting yourself.

Let your friends and family know where you are going

If you are planning a trek, short or long, you already have an idea of where you will be – make sure that at least one other person knows this too.

Let them know a rough plan of your journey – where your key stops are and when you plan to return.

If you do this, and don't return when planned, it will give your friend an alarm bell – which means that if you need help, it will be sent quicker.

And most importantly… stick to what you set out to do!

It's not always possible, but if you can share your trek with a friend you will be far more relaxed and safer in an emergency situation.

Know your limits before you go hiking

If you are planning on a hiking trek, it's important to be realistic about your journey. If you are fantastically fit, then you have a better chance of staying the distance on a two-week trek than someone who is out of shape and doesn't exercise. Don't reach beyond realistic capacity.

For longer trips, do a bit of training to prepare. Go on smaller walks to get your muscles acclimatized, or try cycling – it uses the same muscles you use for hiking.

If you are planning on wearing regular shoes on your walk, as opposed to thick hiking boots (which many trekkers prefer to do due to blisters), you'll need to strengthen your ankles – doing a range of pre-walks on rough, uneven ground.

Also, know the conditions of where you are trekking – weather, terrain, geographic and topographic. Are you going to be climbing up huge, slippery hills? Will you get drenched in a monsoon? Bitten by sandflies?

Do your research, know where you are going – and what you are up against.

What happens if I get lost? Am I covered by insurance?

Even if you are the most seasoned trekker there is still the chance that you could end up in the wilderness – metaphorical not literal. So it's a good idea to make sure you are insured.

If you get lost, and sustain an injury during your trek, you can make a claim for any medical costs.

However, if you require rescuing from emergency services, you could be up for a hefty bill for the trouble.

It depends on the country you travel to –for example, in Australia, emergency services are covered by the state.

But if you are in a country that hits you with a bill for search and rescue, your insurance wont cover this.

Check with the local authorities in your destination country to determine what their procedures are.

The best idea, if you want to travel for a longer period, is to organize your trip through an established hiking agency – they will have their own safety standards, and are a more reliable option for bigger treks.

Get a travel insurance quote for Worldwide

You can buy at home or while traveling, and claim online from anywhere in the world. With 150+ adventure activities covered and 24/7 emergency assistance.

Related articles


  • Marianne Heredge said

    I never recommend anyone to hike alone in Nepal. Even trekking as a twosome can be a risk at high altitudes. If one falls sick, what does the other do? Stay with the sick friend or abandon them to find help?

  • Dewi said

    For trekking in Nepal, in my opinion, its always good to hire guide/porter. I always hire porter guide (a guide who is also a porter) when trekking alone. First you are safer, second you contribute to local people.

  • Maureen Dobson said

    My solo trek essentials ...
    Android phone with SIM chip, Google maps and MAPS.ME (good offline maps using GPS)
    battery backup and cable (also small and light)
    IPad also fully charged with MAPS apps.
    Each unit is individually stowed in 2 ziplock bags (light, don't take up space and can be used without opening the zip. Good especially if in a tropical rain forests.
    Instead of dropping a trail of stuff on the way (to find your way back if all else fails) just "drop a pin" on your map as you go. I confess I still use branches on the ground at tricky "intersections" to indicate direction... old girl guide habit meaning that I'm not totally reliant on tech stuff to get me home!
    It blows me away how many goat tracks are actually available on these stand maps, not to mention the other downloadable maps although not usually interactive.
    Now go carefully and enjoy complete freedom!

Add a Comment