Kangaroo Island lies just off the coast of South Australia, 69mi (112km) southwest off the coast of Adelaide. It’s a 45-minute ferry ride from Cape Jervis.
Kangaroo Island has 316mi (509km) of coastline and is 96mi (155km) and is the country's third largest island. Despite the name, there is more to the island that kangaroos (although you will see them hopping about in the bush) and more than a third of the island is a nature reserve, home to native wildlife including sea lions, koalas and diverse bird species. There are 15 bird species and 52 plant species which can only be found on the island. You can get incredibly close to wild sea lions as they bask on the beach at Seal Bay, and spot koala bears munching on eucalyptus trees in Hanson Bay.
Kangaroo Island has miles of beautiful beaches, and perhaps the most stunning is Vivonne Bay, once voted Australia’s Best Beach. Thrill-seeking backpackers can spend a day sandboarding down the sand dunes at Little Sahara and race around on quad bikes at sunset for a unique chance to spot kangaroos and other wildlife. Don't miss Remarkable Rocks, aptly named granite boulders made over 500 million years by the rain, wind, and pounding waves and which are now part of the Flinders Chase National Park. Hike the five-day Kangaroo Island Wilderness Trail, or spend a night or two with Wallaby Bob will welcome you into his home and take you on a night fishing experience at Baudin Beach.
The island is also home to a thriving food and wine
If you’re visiting Adelaide you can consider taking a tour to the island departing from the city or a flight from Adelaide with QantasLink (three times a week, five times in the summer). Alternatively, if you prefer to make it into a road trip, you can make your way over to Cape Jervis (two hours from Adelaide) and take the SeaLink passenger/car ferry which drops you off in Penneshaw.
Affectionately called “Rotto” by the people of Perth, Rottnest Island sits off the coast of Perth in Western Australia.
Rottnest Island got its name from the Dutch for ‘rat’s nest’ because explorers thought that the island's native quokkas looked like giant rats. They’re not rats, they are in fact marsupials which resemble pint-sized kangaroos, and you’ll find them all over the island.
Ferry services run from Hillary’s Boat Harbor in the north of Perth (45 minutes), Barrack Street Jetty in Perth’s city center (90 minutes) and Fremantle (Victoria Quay and Rous Head) in the south (25 minutes).
You can also fly from Jandakot Airport to Rottnest Island with Rottnest Air Taxi (12 minute flight time). If you’re lucky, you might know someone in Perth who can take you across in their boat.
Rottnest Island has a Government implanted admission fee, which starts from AU $18.50 per adult for a day, or AU $24.50 per overnight stay. This fee can be included in the transportation ticket cost to the island, but it is best to check to avoid any unexpected costs on the day.
World Heritage-listed Fraser Island lies off the coast of Queensland, near Hervey Bay, just north of the Sunshine Coast.
The world’s largest sand island Fraser Island is more than 75mi long (120 km
Seventy-Five-Mile Beach is an actual highway and has a speed limit of 49mi/hr (80km/hr), while the inland roads have a limit of 21mi/hr (35km/hr). Driving conditions vary with the tide and weather, but normal road rules apply. Seventy-Five Mile Beach is also one of the best beach fishing locations in the world.
Fraser Island has rainforest that runs down to the beach, and beautiful freshwater lakes including Lake McKenzie with its powder-white sands, and vivid green Lake
Take a dip in the Champagne Pools, as the water from the ocean crashes against the rocks, and look out for the abundance of wildlife, including 47 species of mammals, more than 354 species of birds and 79 species of reptiles.
Accommodation on Fraser Island ranges from luxury to
Fraser Island is strictly for 4x4s because of the sandy conditions. If you don’t like the idea of driving, you can take a bus tour from Rainbow Beach or Hervey Bay. You can also book a self-drive experience where you will be arranged into groups at your hostel in Rainbow Beach or Hervey Bay. You’ll go shopping for food with the other backpackers in your group and be shown how to use your 4x4. You’ll then pack up your vehicle and make your way to the ferry point to start your Fraser Island experience. If you’re traveling with friends and would like to do it yourselves, then you can hire or use your own 4x4 and take the ferry over from Hervey Bay to the island.
You will need a special access permit to drive on Fraser; if you’re on an organized experience this will be done for you, but otherwise, you need to obtain one. Alternatively, you can fly to Hervey Bay from Sydney, Melbourne or Brisbane before taking the ferry across to the island.
Magnetic Island is 4.9mi (8km) off the coast of
Reached via a 20-minute ferry ride away from Townsville across Cleveland Bay and is home to more than 2,000 permanent residents. More than two-thirds of the island is a national park and has spectacular natural landscapes and seascapes including boulder-strewn headlands, hoop pines, sandy beaches and fringing coral reefs. Composed mostly of granite, Magnetic Island was once part of the mainland before the sea level rose about 7,500 years ago.
Rent a Topless Car or a Classic Moke and to explore Mt Cook, the highest point on the island, named for Captain Cook who discovered the island and believed it affected his
Do the Forts Walk from Bungalow Bay Koala Village to spot one of the islands' more than 800 wild koalas. You can also climb concrete structures from the Second World War for panoramic views of the island.
Laze on the beach at Horseshoe Bay, and sit on the jetty at Picnic Bay as the sun sets over the ocean. Magnetic Island is also a wonderful place to snorkel, dive and try out some watersports.
Take the passenger ferry or car/passenger ferry from Townsville to Magnetic Island. Booking ferry tickets online is encouraged.
Phillip Island lies off the coast of the state of Victoria, 90 mi (140km) southeast of Melbourne.
Many visitors are attracted to Phillip Island to see the Penguin Parade, a nightly occurrence at Summerland Beach when hundreds of Little penguins come hesitantly ashore at sunset.
Take a cruise to Seal Rocks, where you can observe the largest colony of fur seals in Australia, or see koalas in their natural habitat at the Koala Conservation Center. Between May and October, you can take a boat trip to spot migrating whales or head to one of the world-class surfing spots.
Get your adrenaline pumping by go-karting on a 2,493ft (760m) scale replica of the Phillip Island Motorcycle Grand Prix Circuit or take a Hot Lap lightning ride around the real track with an experienced racing driver.
Learn how to catch rainbow trout at Rhyll Trout and Bush Tucker Farm and take-in the endless views from The Nobbies headland. Get lost in a world of optical illusions and puzzles at A Maze ‘N’ Things or watch chocolate being made at Phillip Island Chocolate Factory.
You can take the two-hour drive from Melbourne to Phillip Island or get on the V/Line bus which runs between Southern Cross Station in Melbourne and Cowes on Phillip Island. There is also a passenger ferry which travels from Stony Point on the Mornington Peninsula to Cowes.
The Whitsundays are a collection of 74 islands, off the coast of central Queensland, 695mi (1,120km) north of Brisbane, near the town of Airlie Beach.
Characterized by dense rainforest, hiking trails and white sand beaches each of the Whitsunday’s 74 islands is unique and spectacular, with lots to see and explore, and they are a mecca for sailors.
The islands are filled with bays, pure white sandy beaches, and transparent turquoise waters, which are perfect for snorkeling, sailing, swimming or other water sports activities. Most of the islands are uninhabited, but a few offer accommodation and campsites.
Whitsunday Islands can be reached by plane with direct flights from Cairns, Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne to Hamilton Island Airport or Whitsunday Coast Airport, Proserpine. Numerous companies rent yachts for hire and offer day and overnights
Lord Howe is located 372mi (600km) northeast of Sydney, and is part of New South Wales.
World Heritage-listed Lord Howe Island is home to one of the world’s best day hikes, extraordinary snorkeling on the coral reef, fish that can be hand-fed on Ned’s Beach and unique bird life. With only those born on the island allowed to own property, no major resorts and only one car per household allowed, and only 400 visitors allowed at a time, it is a peaceful paradise. Explore Lord Howe on foot or by bike, stop at the numerous wood-stocked
Two-thirds of the island is covered by park preservation, with dozens of walking and hiking trails.
Fly from Sydney or Brisbane to Lord Howe Island (flights aren’t cheap).
Moreton Island is located 15mi (25km) off the coast of Brisbane, and is the third largest sand island in the world.
Known for its beaches and steep sand dunes, Moreton Island attracts visitors to its lakes, lagoons, and three heritage sites. You can also go whale or dolphin watching, dive or snorkel,
Moreton Island can be reached via a 75-minute ferry ride from Brisbane.
Norfolk Island is located in the South Pacific, a 2.5 hour flight from Australia or 90 minutes from New Zealand.
Norfolk Island was settled by Great Britain in 1799 as part of the penal colony of Australia, and later by descendants of Bounty mutineers. The locals fill the island with unique culture, warmth and welcoming hospitality. There are opportunities to hike, run, explore, go bird watching, surfing, swimming, snorkeling, diving and much more.
Check out the Bounty Folk Museum, the Captain Cook Monument, Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area, one of 11 historic sites that form the Australian Convict Sites World Heritage Property, the farmers’ markets with an abundance of fresh produce, Emily Bay lagoon, and Anson Bay. Don’t miss the Mt Pitt lookout for a 360-degree view of the island.
Flights from Sydney to the island are available Fridays and Mondays, or from Brisbane on Saturdays and Tuesdays.
Located less than an hour's drive north of Brisbane.
Connected to the mainland via a bridge from Sandstone Point, Bribie Island has a small seaside village feeling, with only the southern end of the island urbanized, and over a third of
Visit Buckley’s Hole on the southern tip of the island, a protected bird habitat and conservation park, home to over 350 species of birds.
Bribie Island has beautiful beaches for surfing or calmer waves for relaxing, bicentennial nature walks, camping facilities, markets, 4x4 driving, boat trips, dolphin spotting, watersports, and skydiving.
Drive over the bridge over the Pumicestone Passage canal. The island has links with TransLink buses and Q rail from Brisbane.
This article was originally written by Victoria Brewood in 2011, and updated in 2018.
Here are some easy ways to minimise impact to the planet while diving; from choosing the right operator to not feeding the fish and watching your waste.
Our insider Anny shares her top tips on budgeting for your trip.