With more than 700 languages, a mixture of unique cultures, challenging treks, and great surf, PNG really is the final frontier of travel. Wrecks from World War II lure experienced divers from around the world, and very few countries can compete with the overwhelming hospitality of Papua New Guineans.
Traveling here can also be dangerous. The warrior mentality hasn't been dulled by 60 years of Western influence, and violent crime is rampant in large cities and parts of the Highlands.
In PNG there's no such thing as public land. Every inch of space belongs to the people: to tribes or families. If you go exploring on your own, you might trespass on someone's land and create an ugly situation.
Make sure you know where you're going. Ask where you should and shouldn't go. Better yet, have a local go with you.
The people of PNG respect associations. You could be seen as a strange intruder or a trusted guest depending on who you come with. A local guide will help you make a good impression when you arrive at remote villages, and they will detect subtle signs of danger, steering you to safety.
They're called razkols, and they take to the streets at sundown. They're opportunistic criminals, seeking easy victims to rob. For this reason, avoid walking outside after dark.
Armed robbery is rare in PNG, but pick-pocketing and other opportunistic crimes do happen, especially at local markets. Don't make your wallet an easy grab, hide your belongings well, and don't carry excessive amounts of cash or your passport when it's not required. Keep it safe back at your accommodation.
Personal hygiene in PNG is not exactly up to Western standards. Travelers might pick up on the smell of body odour or notice that locals do not wash their hands regularly. You'll be shaking a lot of hands, so keep them clean with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
Even though the language of the media, government and business is English, fewer than 20% of the population went to school to learn it. If you want to communicate within Papua New Guinea, which boasts more than 700 languages, it's through Pidgin, a kind of broken English.
You'll get extra respect from local adults and make children frenzied with laughter.
You can't possibly be fully prepared for PNG. With limited tourism infrastructure, very few regions in Papua New Guinea are connected by roads. With limited information online and no tourist information offices in Port Moresby, the best way to ask for advice while traveling is to chat to a local – or, have a local guide with you to show you around. Don't be shy to ask for suggestions, or for a helping hand.
Getting around Papua New Guinea is a challenge. Flying is the best method of transport, and there are a number of domestic airlines that serve provincial capitals and regional towns, making it easy to get to remote places. If you have booked a packaged tour, flights should be included. Independent travelers should book in advance to get the best price on domestic flights.
Using the much cheaper option, Public Motor Vehicles (PMV), to get around is a great way to see the country via the roads. These are privately owned minivans, trucks or buses.
Book a scuba diving or snorkeling tour to see the incredible dive sites, reefs and marine life off the coast of PNG. When traveling by boat, be aware that pirates are known to operate off the coast, so stay up to date with the news or check with your tour guide for the latest information.
If something doesn't feel right, trust your gut. If someone makes an unusual offer, say thank you (politely) and walk away.
Roberto Rocha traded a job in technology journalism to a one-year world trip, surrounding himself with fruits and nuts instead of Apples. He's originally from Brazil but has settled in Montreal, Canada, where, miraculously, he still prefers soccer over hockey. He lives and travels with his girlfriend Bianca.
It's no surprise that medical facilities in PNG - a developing nation - are basic. The capital, Port Moresby and the larger towns have hospitals.
The Kokada Trail, best known as the scene of some of the most bitter fighting between Australian and Japanese forces in World War II (1942) is today, one of the most popular recreational treks in PNG.