Most violent crime affects rival gangs battling for territory. Few, if any incidents are targeted at foreigners. And when the goons fight, it gets nasty. We're talking frag grenades and assault rifles. In fact, a least a dozen grenades, stolen from the country's military, remain unaccounted for.
The type of crime to most likely affect visitors are muggings and other assaults, which happens mostly at night. This means one thing: take cabs after sunset. Even walking with a group makes you vulnerable to armed thugs. Make sure to only take cabs with green licence plates, and don't share it with strangers.
Most incidents in the capital city occur around George Street and Kraal Road, but it's not a reason to slack anywhere else. If confronted with an assailant, don't resist. A human life doesn't have much value to a criminal, who will think nothing of shooting a victim who doesn't comply.
The frequency of minor crimes like theft, burglary, pick-pocketing and purse-snatching tends to spike during spring break and winter holidays, when the tourists pour in. If you're there during that time, be extra cautious.
If you've been anywhere else in Latin America, follow the same golden rule: don't flash your cash. Take only the money you'll use that day and keep documents in a money belt under your clothes.
Due to the frequency of hotel room break-ins, it's not advisable to leave valuables in your room, unless it has a safe. Better to leave it with reception.
When you get out of Belize City, things get much safer, and many travelers report only positive experiences. Thieves do lurk around tourist sites, however, so be vigilant in places like San Pedro in Ambergris Caye, Caye Caulker, and Placencia.
The worst threat in these places is the theft of bags on buses. The best prevention is to not leave your bag unattended at the back of a bus.
Less common dangers come in the form of sexual harassers, drug pushers and predators at archaeological sites. A few people traveling alone or in small groups have fallen victim to sexual assault. One rape was reported when a victim accepted a ride from an acquaintance. Others happened during an armed robbery at a resort and after a night of clubbing. There was one reported death.
The country's people have an easy-going attitude to drug use. Marijuana is everywhere, and peddlers do get annoying after a while. But the authorities don't take it as lightly. Penalties are harsh: even small possession can result in heavy fines or prison.
Archaeological sites are usually well guarded, but the paths between them aren't. There have been a few cases of robbers preying of people walking alone or in small groups between them.
Finally, a word to LGBT travelers: Belizeans are warm and friendly people, and are usually happy to welcome all kinds of travelers. But don't expect the same pervasive gay-friendliness of Costa Rica.
Homosexuality is unfortunately deplored by some sectors of society, and could even be prosecuted as an "unnatural crime" under its criminal code. Do an internet search for LGBT safe spots in Belize before taking off.
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When you arrive in Belize, you'll need to get around. Here are our tips on local transport, local roads, avoiding road-side robbery.
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