Oman is a wealthy country with a strict religious, moral and legal code. Crime of any type is severely punished, and the deterrent seems to work, and most Omanis are relaxed and polite people. However, some travelers have been the target of petty crime and there have been reports of assaults against women travelers and campers in isolated locations at night.
Take the usual precautions to protect your valuables and be aware of your surroundings. Women should take care when traveling alone, especially when out at night and should take a taxi rather than walking.
The Sultanate of Oman is an absolute monarchy, which means the Sultan has the final say. Being an Islamic country, Sharia law has helped found and shape Oman's legal system.
Dress with modesty and respect the local law and culture. This is particularly important during the time of Ramadan and other religious observances.
There is zero tolerance for drugs in Oman, and whether it's possession or trafficking, severe penalties apply including the death penalty. Even having a small amount for personal use can result in at least a year in jail.
Don't photograph government and military buildings or airports. Always ask locals before photographing them.
Flying a recreational drone is illegal in Oman with a minimum penalty of three years in jail. Omani authorities have had to impose this law due to several incidents involving recreational drones flying too close to airport infrastructure and flight paths.
It's an offense to insult or make offensive remarks about the Omani royal family, the government and its officials.
Homosexuality is illegal in Oman and punishable with a stint in jail of up to three years. In worse-case scenarios, sometimes the death penalty is applied.
Offensive behavior and language in public and on social media are prohibited. Even flipping the bird at someone while driving may get you in trouble. Public displays of affection are a no-no, too.
The legal drinking age in Oman is 21, and it's an offense for anyone to be publicly drunk or consume alcohol in public.
Although it's an offense for an unmarried couple of the opposite sex to share a room, it's also an offense for Omani authorities to ask about the marital status of a couple.
Terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda, Daesh affiliated groups, and others operate in the Arabian Peninsula and have been involved in attacks on several Gulf countries including neighboring Yemen. While the likelihood of a terror attack happening in Oman is lower than other Gulf states, the possibility still exists. Attacks are likely to be indiscriminate and may not necessarily target foreign interests or popular attractions.
Always monitor government travel advisories, news reports, and official warnings.
The current situation in the Middle East means that Oman currently has a higher than usual degree of political tension. Oman borders Saudi Arabia and Yemen, countries locked in a violent conflict. The Omani border with Yemen is among destinations where numerous government travel advisories advise travelers "Reconsider your travel" due to the ongoing conflict in the country. Omani authorities won't allow you to enter Yemen unless you are officially authorized to do so.
Be aware of when large-scale gatherings and demonstrations are about to occur and avoid them. Most protests have been peaceful, but where they occur near the UAE border they have turned violent and protestors have been killed. Due to its traditional non-interventionist attitude to foreign policy, Oman has been playing a diplomatic role amongst the Gulf States as war ravages Yemen, largely driven by Saudi Arabia. Staying neutral has also ensured stability in the country despite the high-security presence.
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Health care in Oman is generally good however mosquito borne diseases and the heat are health hazards travelers need to consider while traveling in this gulf country.