How to Avoid Delhi Belly: Tips to Stay Healthy in India

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The dreaded Delhi belly. It's going to take a seriously good hygiene routine to avoid India's most gut wrenching illness, but get started with these tips.


A succulent Indian meal Photo © iStock/byheaven

Unless you have an absolutely iron clad stomach, inevitably you will fall slightly ill on your travels through India.

Even locals returning from abroad become ill after eating India's food. Their bodies need to re-adjust to the food, bugs, climate and sanitation conditions.

Travel vaccinations for India

Technically no vaccinations are required for entry into India - except for yellow fever if you are coming from an infected area such as Africa.

That being said, Hepatitis (both A and B, depending on your individual circumstances), meningitis and typhoid shots are highly recommended, as well as a booster for tetanus.

Can I drink the tap water in India?

If there's one rule you take away from this article, it should be this: tap water is not safe for drinking in India. Ever.

Some establishments throughout India have water filters or purifiers installed, in which case the water may be safe to drink. However, bottled water is always your best bet – but remember to always check the seal. To avoid adding to the plastic pollution issue, carry water purification tablets, boil water for atleast one minute before drinking or use a water bottle with a built in filtration system, like Grayl.

Avoid using tap water when brushing your teeth, and remember not to drink the water while showering. Keep your mouth closed while you're washing away the dirt of the day.

Even a salad that has been rinsed and has water on it, or drinks with ice cubes, should be avoided or approached with extreme caution.

If in doubt, don't eat the salad, and don't drink the drink if it has ice cubes.

Unless of course you want to spend most of your holiday getting well acquainted with the bathroom of your hotel.

Fruits that can be peeled such as apples and bananas, as well as packaged snacks are always a safe option. Carry a small bottle of hand sanitiser in your daypack so you can keep your hands clean.

Diarrhea is common, and can have many different causes. Bring a standard first-aid kit, plus extra over-the-counter medicine for diarrhea and stomach upset.

A rehydration kit can also be helpful. Remember the salt/sugar/water ratio for oral rehydration: 1 tsp salt, 8 tsp sugar, for 1 litre of water. 

Malaria in India

Malaria is endemic throughout India. The risk exists in all areas, including the cities of Delhi and Mumbai, and at altitudes of less than 2,000 metres in Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, Kashmir, and Sikkim.

However, the risk of infection is considered low in Delhi and Northern India.

It is wise to take an oral anti-malaria prophylactic medication during, and sometime after your stay.

Of course preventing yourself from getting mosquito bites is crucial, so remember to cover up during both night and day, and use plenty of insect repellent – preferably one that contains no more than 35% of the chemical DEET.

In fact the famous gin-and-tonic was invented in British colonial India because tonic water contains quinine, a prophylactic against malaria. That's what gives it it's distinctive bitter taste.

The gin was added to make it more palatable. Not that we're suggesting you spend your entire stay tipsy on G&T's!

Other health issues

Are you starting to get a bit scared? 

Don't be, because we haven't even talked about the many venomous snakes. 

In the (very) unlikely event you are bitten, try to note the markings of the snake so it can be identified, and the correct antidote given.

In any event, of a snake bite, you should immediately seek medical care.

And obviously getting vaccinations and blood transfusions in low quality hospitals will increase your risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, and this rule certainly applies to most government clinics throughout India.

In case of an emergency, you should carry your own syringes and other medical gear in your first-aid kit.

Also India has the highest rate of rabies in the world. So don't go making friends with every stray animal you come across.

On your travels through India, it's better to err on the side of caution, because there's nothing worse than trying to find a doctor in a hot foreign city. 

If you travel smart and be cautious, you're likely to get away with just a touch of Delhi belly.

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  • Sanjay Patil said

    Fortunately there are many McDonalds, Pizza Huts, KFCs, Dominos, Subways, Papa Johns, Costa Cofees in many major metro cities in India where food is quite safe. And if you want to try Indian cuisine most top end restaurants in big hotels are very safe too. Bottled water especially of the brand 'Kinley' and 'Aquafina' is safe as well. In rural areas where such facilities are not available the safest thing to do is drink Coca Cola and Pepsi products like coca cola, pepsi, Fanta etc... You get them in even the poorest of Indian villages,

  • Lydia said

    Thanks for the tips! I hope I can stay healthy with this...although I've heard foreigners even got sick from McDonald's!!

  • Carin said

    I have travelled to India many times, I brush my teeth with tap water, drink plenty of iced drinks and often eat street food, I have yet to get sick. Dont go if all you going to do is eat in hotels and be fearful, you should try and give an honest account of a country. Perhaps you haven't been there in the last 10 or so years

  • Madhu Mohan Damodaran said

    Author could just write one liner "India a third grade country"!

    By the way, have you ever gone to India ? I challenge you to find Lead (just like USA) in the Indian Tap water.

    For your information Indian tap water come very well treated.

    Oh man! just be true to your writing. Waste of time I spent reading your comment ofcourse waste of time commenting too!
    Before I go, you mentioned doctors! lol... Check USA Embassy website regarding their mention about India and doctors /hospitals.

  • Arvind Sharma said


    Some of your concerns are valid, but some others are misplaced. Let me try and put these in perspective...

    - Tap water is not safe for drinking, but can certainly be used for brushing and taking a shower. Most places get treated water and this can be used without much of an issue.

    - Exercise caution whilst eating out. Indian cuisine is spicy and may take time for travelers to get used to. Try dining in proper restaurants and inform them about the desired level of spice. Avoid street food vendors as the hygiene levels are low.

    - Snake bites and rabies are a rarity. Steer away from bushes and stray dogs

    - India is home to some of the best doctors and the quality of healthcare is fairly good. While there is scope for better upkeep of the Government hospitals, private healthcare facilities are pretty good and reliable

    - If in doubt reach out to reliable locals. They would be able to guide people well. Despite the hardships of life, people here are very hospitable.

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