While conditions vary significantly, snow typically begins in October/November and stays until March/April. Temperatures can range from 50°F (10°C) to -13°F (-25°C) or -31°F (-35°C), and dip even lower in the north. Extreme winters may be becoming more frequent – in February 2021, a "polar vortex" created record-breaking low temperatures across much of the country, especially the Prairie provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba). The west coast typically has milder temperatures than the rest of Canada, and predominantly experiences rain throughout the winter, with only some periods of snow.
A time of tulips and cherry blossoms, traveling in the spring can be a great way to avoid the crowds. Keep in mind that light snow or rain can continue into May or June, so while temperatures typically sit around 50–68°F (10–20°C) you should pack accordingly.
From June to August, Canadian summers mean outdoor fun, from hiking, mountain biking, and kayaking to camping, rafting, and road trips. With varying levels of humidity, temperatures range between 59–95°F (15–35°C). The far north is a bit cooler, but also boasts exceptionally long days at the height of summer.
Unfortunately, summer is also wildfire season. Droughts and heatwaves in recent years have led to more extreme fire seasons, especially in the Prairie provinces. Since fires can cause road closures and unhealthy air quality, keep an eye on news from regional wildfire agencies before you set out.
Beloved across the country, fall offers refreshingly cool weather, around 41–59°F (5–15°C), and spectacular autumn foliage throughout September and October.
Can’t pick between summer and winter travel? Unless you have specific winter sports or activities in mind, Canada’s summer – with its long daylight hours and endless adventures – is an ideal time to visit.
Want to know more about Canada? Check out our podcast. We discuss when a traveler becomes a snack; the perils of wilderness adventure, a culinary tour of the provinces for foodies, and we speak to World Nomads photography scholarship mentor Richard I'Anson.
Five experiences you can’t miss on PEI, from cycling the confederation trail to stuffing yourself silly with tasty seafood on a scenic road-trip.
A local adventurer's guide to finding quiet trails and wilderness escapes in British Columbia.
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