Turkey has suffered from some of the worst earthquakes in the world. In August 1999, a 7.6 magnitude quake decimated the country, leaving over 17,000 dead and close to 45,000 injured. In the 21st century, quakes have hit sporadically in Turkey, killing hundreds.
Turkey's main source of earthquake activity comes from a set of fault lines running across the north from west to east, and concentrating south west of Istanbul – it was this set that caused the major quake in 1999, and many others.
The graph below details peak ground acceleration over the past 50 years in the Mediterranean. We won‘t go too deep into the science, but peak ground acceleration is essentially the measurement of how hard the earth shakes in a given area. All we need to say is that the really dark red bits are Turkey. And we all know that on any map, red usually does not equal anything good.
In the past 30 years, ten major earthquakes have been recorded, claiming the lives of 20,173 people. During this time, they have occurred in clusters.
One hit in 1983, but the next would not wreck havoc until 1992 and 1995. Then, six quakes hit between 1998 and 2003. The next would not appear until 2010.
The high death toll in recent years from the quakes has been partly due to the poor architectural and material quality of some Turkish buildings. The government has acknowledged this and now imposes stricter building codes.
Like most things when you travel, it‘s all relative. In all honesty, you probably need to worry more about motor safety opposed to getting stuck in the thick of a Turkish earthquake. But on a simple, human level, it‘s the harrowing images of a devastating shake that stay with us on a visceral level – and it‘s those images that spark fear. The mundane idea of motoring, while it‘s actually a deadlier aspect of Turkey, just doesn‘t resonate in the same way.
If you are indoors when you feel a quake hit, stay there. Move quickly to a safe location inside the room – most preferably under a strong desk or table. You want to minimize your exposure to falling objects, so if you cant find a table, side up to an interior wall. You want to be located as close as you can to the structural strong points of the room. Don‘t take cover near windows, mirrors, hanging objects or heavy furniture. If you make the dash outside while the quake hits, you could expose yourself to falling debris, so take refuge under the most solid structure you can find.
If you are outdoors, move to the clearest area possible – move completely away from any buildings, trees, power-lines or other structures. If you are lucky enough to be outdoors, and clear of any objects, your survival rate is pretty high. If you are in a car, move slowly to the side of the road and make sure you are clear of any trees or buildings.
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