Pakistan is currently in a general state of unrest, and many government travel advisories recommend reconsidering your need to travel to Pakistan, as the risk of violence and terrorism is high. There are certain areas you are advised not to travel to under any circumstances at all.
Travel to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas along the Afghanistan border as well as the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa areas is advised against for any reason. These areas are in a state of unrest, have seen a sharp increase in violence. You should also avoid Azad Kashmir and the India-Pakistan Border. Confirm the status of the border crossing prior to commencing travel if you must pass through this border.
Traveling anywhere in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa area is to be avoided – and this includes the areas of Swat, Buner, Lower Dir, and travel on the Peshawar to Chitral road via the Lowari Pass.
Major conflicts have occurred in these regions, where the Pakistani military regularly conducts large-scale military offensives, particularly in the Swat, Tank and Northern and Southern Waziristan areas. Currently, there are still large amounts of militant activity in these areas.
The areas of Peshawar, Charsadda, Kohat, Tank, Bannu, Lakki and Dera Ismail Khan should all be avoided for similar reasons. On the 13th of May 2011, an explosion killed 80 people in Charsadda, and similar events have occurred and do occur in all areas mentioned.
The Kalesh Valley, Bamoboret Valley and the Arandu District to the south and west of Chitral in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region have also seen a massive upsurge in militant activity. In these regions, there has been a specific increase in abductions (whether for ransom or propaganda reasons), armed robbery with violence, and outright murder.
Travel to Northern and Western Balochistan is also advised against for any reason. That does mean "any reason" with no exceptions. Travel to Quetta, and Interior Sindh areas in the North of Nawabsha should also be avoided unless there is a truly pressing reason, and even then think very carefully about how pressing that reason is. If it's not worth risking your life for, don't go.
In all of these areas, targets may be anyone of virtually any nationality, race, or religion for just about any reason. Whether it is sectarian, ethnic, or simply profit driven, violence is very high in these regions and may strike at any moment for any reason.
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