It’s not possible to draw a firm line on whether any place is “safe” or not following a disaster. Earthquakes and terrorist attacks can happen at any time, without warning. That being said, the likelihood of being the victim of an earthquake or terror attack is small. These risks shouldn’t deter you from traveling, but you should be prepared in case something does happen.
Hurricanes are somewhat easier to predict, but even there, experts only know a week or so in advance whether a storm is likely to become a hurricane, and the exact path or strength of the storm is hard to pinpoint. Currently, the official hurricane season in the North Atlantic is from June 1 to November 30, so it’s possible another severe storm could hit the Caribbean this year. Storms can and occasionally do happen outside of this time frame, but it’s rare.
Again, the best plan is to be prepared, and not wait until the last minute to get out of the path of the storm. Here’s what to do in the event of a hurricane.
If a disaster has already happened, whether it’s safe to visit depends on how badly the infrastructure was damaged. Getting around might be challenging, and certain areas might be off limits – destruction to roads and hospitals might put emergency response systems under strain. If some areas are still without electricity, curfews may be in effect because of the elevated risk of crime or injury.
Natural disasters such as floods can also cause outbreaks of diseases like typhoid or cholera. So it’s wise to check on local conditions before visiting, and use your best judgment.
If the airports are operational, some hotels are open, and there are no severe shortages of food, water, or power, you can generally assume the destination is safe to visit.
Many of the places that were affected by recent events, like the California Wine Country, Mexico, Key West, the Caribbean, and Las Vegas, are heavily dependent on tourism. The Caribbean region, in particular, is more reliant on tourism than any other region in the world, so your tourist dollars can go a long way towards aiding their recovery.
Not all of the Caribbean was devastated by the recent hurricanes – many islands, such as Jamaica, the Cayman Islands, Aruba, St. Kitts and Nevis, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Barbados, were relatively unscathed and are open for business as usual. Others, like Turks and Caicos, St. Barts, Cuba, and the Bahamas, are working quickly to rebuild their infrastructure and get ready for visitors.
And even on badly damaged islands like Anguilla or St. Martin, some small hotels plan to be open by Christmas, and larger hotels by April, 2018. On Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands, many hotels are currently hosting rescue personnel but may already be accepting reservations for the upcoming months.
If you’ve booked a trip to the Caribbean in the near future, check to see how they are progressing before you cancel. And if you are still in the planning stages, bear in mind that the longer these destinations go without visitors, the harder it will be for them to get back on their feet.
Once places are ready to receive visitors, try to spread your dollars across multiple vendors. Consider visiting a place that’s suffered the effects of recent disasters and is now recovering, rather than a place that was left untouched. And instead of spending all your money at your resort, go eat at the local restaurants or buy souvenirs from a local craft stand.
It depends. Depending on your country of residence, if you made your plans and purchased insurance before the hurricane, fire, or earthquake became a known event, you would be covered for trip cancellation if your accommodations at the destination were made uninhabitable.
But you wouldn’t be covered if you bought a plan after the disaster, went to the destination, and found your accommodations weren’t habitable due to that storm or disaster.
If you travel to the region shortly after the disaster and make a claim unrelated to that disaster, you would most likely be covered.
And if you bought a plan now, you would likely be covered against future disasters provided they aren’t currently known or forecasted events (a hurricane or typhoon becomes a known event once it’s given a name – earthquakes, fires, or terrorist incidents become known at the time they happen).