While Kenya is a safe destination compared to some surrounding African countries, there are issues with crime in major cities, and many government travel advisories warn travelers of the threat of terrorism. Check your Government's travel advice for the latest information.
Travelers will always attract unwanted attention from beggars and potential pickpockets. From street scammers to more serious threats, a little common sense goes a long way in Keyna, and staying up to date on the local situation is essential no matter where you go. These are the things you need to know to stay safe in Kenya.
Be especially careful when eating meat in Kenya. Sometimes the quality of meat, or other ingredients used in local dishes, doesn't agree with visitors' stomachs. After a few days in Kenya, your tummy will adjust.
Don't eat raw foods, such as salads or fruits that cannot be peeled. Always opt for well-cooked meals – and there are plenty of delicious cooked meals to try, from rice dishes to samosas and bean stews.
The risk of contracting traveler's diarrhea is higher in places where sanitation and hygiene standards are poor. If you begin to feel anything more serious than a slight case of the runs and an uneasy stomach, find a local doctor. Don't let traveler's diarrhea go untreated.
Also, always eat with your right hand – do not touch food with your left hand while in Kenya.
Don't drink tap water unless it has been boiled or purified. Carry a reusable water bottle and purification tablets or a water filter bottle, such as the Grayl water bottle, and keep it topped up with purified water to avoid buying bottled water.
Before you go to Kenya, make sure all your routine vaccinations are up to date. There's a very high risk of malaria in Kenya, so talk to a travel doctor or your GP about using malaria pills. Research the pros and cons of taking them, and stay covered up at dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most active.
Carry any medications you need from home, in case local pharmacies don't have the medical supplies you require. Unfortunately, fake and poor-quality medications being sold around the world are one of the key reasons malaria has not been eradicated, especially in African countries.
Watch out for biting wasps, mosquitos, scorpions, and acacia thorns – these are often more dangerous than the Big Five, so come prepared with insect repellent and long-sleeved clothing.
If you're going bike riding, bring a tire repair kit with you – acacia thorns will easily tear through the rubber.
Crime and protests can increase during elections, and travelers can get caught in the middle. Avoid any public demonstrations, and if you see a crowd gathering, walk the other way.
Stay informed on your trip. Check the news and ask locals, your guide or accommodation staff about any rising tensions. Problems can escalate very quickly.
Having a good grasp of what's happening in the country can make your visit far more interesting.
Crime is common in major cities, coastal beach resorts, northern Kenya (including the North Eastern province), the northern parts of Eastern, Coastal and Rift Valley provinces and north of Malindi. There's no need to be paranoid and change your travel plans – just heed the advice of your Government.
Exercise common sense and take precautions where possible to avoid crime as you would anywhere you travel: keep valuables out of sight, only carry the amount of cash you'll need for one day, don't walk alone at night.
There are some crime hot spots travelers should avoid in Nairobi. These include slums, such as Kibera which is the largest urban slum in Africa. Eastleigh, in Nairobi's east is considered a high- risk area due to the number of terror-related incidents that have occurred since 2012. Violent crimes have also been known to occur in Buruburu, Kasarani, Mathare, Pangan, South B and South C.
Every Kenyan will tell you to avoid River Road in daylight or at night.
Bag snatching and other petty crime are common around transport hubs. Violent crime in Nairobi is increasing in some suburbs with armed carjackings, kidnappings and home invasions. Dave Stamboulis shares more tips on staying safe in Nairobi.
Compared to the capital Nairobi, Mombasa's crime rate is lower, however, it's still necessary to take precautions when out and about.
Travelers should be alert and take caution in the Old Town area of Mombasa and the Likoni Ferry. Avoid hanging out at the beach at night, and take taxis wherever you need to go at night rather than walk.
Bandits or shiftas are an unfortunate problem in Kenya, and many of these people originate from neighboring Somalia. The issue is widespread in Kenya, which means you need to be aware of your surroundings and take precautions if you plan to travel beyond the urban centers. It's best to avoid traveling at night.
Tourists are rarely targeted in game reserves and national parks in Kenya, but there have been incidents involving tourists on safari, even in the popular Masai Mara and Samburu reserves. Police and security forces are present in these areas, and if your safari guides tell you to put your windows up, pack away your camera and other valuables while traveling through a village; listen to them, as the occasional snatch and grab does happen.
Banditry, cattle rustling and ethnic clashes have caused sporadic violence in these areas. Travelers aren't always targeted, but it's better not to put yourself in a situation where you could be at risk.
Travel advisories warn travelers not to travel to or near these border zones. All three countries are experiencing localized conflicts. Violence, such as armed banditry, violent cattle rustling, counter raids and tribal warfare, are common along the Kenya-Ethiopia border.
Kidnapping, armed banditry and clan warfare occur along Kenya's borders with Sudan and Somalia.
In November 2008, two visitors were kidnapped from Kenya, close to the border with Somalia, and taken into Somalia. Somalia's border has long been a no-go zone for any travelers due its ever-present internal conflicts and terrorism issues.
Anti-Somali government extremist group Al Shaabab continues to threaten Kenya with attacks on shopping centers, foreign embassies and other tourism areas. Most government travel advisories indicate that travelers should exercise a higher than usual level of caution while in Kenya.
Kenya is targetted by Al Shaabab due to its military intervention in Somalia and highly developed tourism (which guarantees media coverage of their nefarious activities). Several of the latest terrorism incidents have occurred near the border with Somalia such as the 2015 Garissa University attack where around 150 people were killed and many injured. Attacks have continued in Garissa county and neighboring Lamu county.
In 2013, Nairobi's Westgate Shopping Centre was targeted. In the shooting, carried out by Al Shaabab militants, 67 people, including visitors, were killed. In the coastal town of Mombasa, a police station targeted in a stabbing and petrol bomb attack by three assailants, leaving two police officers wounded.
The Kenyan Penal Code criminalizes homosexual activity, with a recent ruling upholding a law with a punishment of 14 years in prison for offenders.
That said, plenty of gay and lesbian travelers visit Kenya, and while public displays of affection aren’t tolerated, visitors are left alone in resorts and hotels.
The same modest code of conduct and dress also applies to heterosexual couples, as Kenya is a conservative and traditional country.
For the most part, female travelers to Kenya will have a trouble-free trip. The locals are friendly, respectful, hospitable and most people speak English.
There have been reports of women experiencing harassment by men. Avoid hanging out at the beach or walking around alone at night. Take a taxi if you plan to head out at night, even if you are with others. And as you would at home or anywhere else, avoid getting too intoxicated.
Here are our top safety tips to keep in mind while traveling around Kenya.
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